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4.3.1. English proverbs with verbs in the Passive Voice

1. Memorize the following proverbs with the passive form of the verb predicate used in the A Present, B. Past and C. Future Indefinite Tense Give their Russian/Ukrainian equivalents.

A. 1. The road to hell is paved with good intentions. 2. A man is known by the company he keeps. 3. Never ask pardon before you are accused. 4. The cobbler's (shoemaker's) wife is the worst shod. (Who is the worst shod than the shoemaker's wife')  5. What may be done at any time is done at no time.  6. A liar is not believed when he tells the truth. 7. Fire that's closest kept burns most of all. 8. A little fire is quickly trodden out. 9. A name is sooner lost than won. 10. Advice when most needed is least heeded. 11. Desires are nourished by delays. 12. Forewarned is forearmed. 13. Marriages are made in heaven. 14. He who handles a nettle tenderly is soonest stung.  15. A threatened blow is seldom given. 16. Danger foreseen is half avoided. 17. Little thieves are hanged, but great ones escape. 18. The mouse that has but one hole is quickly taken. 19. The ass is known by its ears. 20. A bad wound is cured, not a bad name. 21. What is done cannot be undone. 

В. 1. Rome was not built in a day. 2. Almost was never hanged. 3. Fingers were made before forks. 4.Acorns were good till bread was found.

C. 1. Youth will be served.2. The fish will soon be caught that nibbles at every bait. 3. What may be done at any time will be done at no time. 4. Ask no questions and you will be told no lies.


2. Express the idea of the following by using suitable proverbs with the passive form of the verb-predicate. Consult the reference list below.

1. Do not believe or expect that success, victory, etc. is certain until it actually happens. 2. In reality one may not be as bad as people think one may be. 3. Good intentions by themselves do not necessarily lead to success. 4. Men used their fingers for eating before forks were invented. 5. Time, patience and hard work are needed for a difficult, or important, undertaking. 6. Taking a little of sth already being used hardly matters, or will not be noticed. 7. It is too late to prevent the occurrence of sth undesirable. 8. No amount of instruction can make a poet etc. of anyone not naturally gifted to be one. 9. Know where one's interests lie, know who to please, what work to continue, in order to ensure one's livelihood, comfort or success. 10. It is only when we have been deprived of sth that we appreciate the true value of it. 11. You should not give way to misfortune till It actually happens, since it may not happen. If you have done sth wrong and admit to it, you have gone a long way towards putting things right again. (the road to hell is paved with good intentions; a fault confessed is half redressed; fingers were made before forks; don't cry before you are hurt; don't count your chickens before they are hatched; Rome was not built in a day; the worth of a thing is best known by the want of it; the devil is not so black as he is painted; poets etc are born, not made; a slice off a cut cake is never missed; know which/what side one's bread is buttered; the damage is done)


3. Give English equivalents of the following proverbs. Take care to use the Passive Voice

1. Скрытый огонь сильнее гори.т 2. Деньги, истраченные на образование, всегда окупаются. 3. Удар, которым часто грозят, наносится редко. 4. Легче погасить искру, чем пожар. 5. Что можно сделать когда угодно, не будет сделано никогда. 6. Скажи мне, кто твой друг, и я скажу (тебе), кто ты. 7. Легкая работа быстро делается. (Маленькую лошадь легко чистить). 8 Дураком родился, дураком и умрешь. (Горбатого могила исправит). 9. Все тайное становится явным. (Шила в мешке не утаишь). 10. Когда светит солнце, луны не видно. 11. Кто предупрежден—вооружен. 12. Жизнь состоит из мелочей. 13. Кто знает о грядущей опасности, тот наполовину ее избежал. 14. Что сходит с рук ворам, за то воришек бьют. 15. Не сразу Москва строилась. 16. Сделанного не воротишь (Что с воза упало, то пропало). 17. Легко попадается та мышь, у которой только одна нора. (Не следует ставить все на одну карту). 18. Когда хлеба еще не было, то и желуди были хороши. (Все хорошо в свое время). 19. Кто первый над собой посмеется, над тем не будут смеяться другие. 20. Добро быстро забывается. (Забыть хлеб-соль). Лысую голову легко брить. 22. У жены сапожника обувь хуже всех. (Сапожник ходит без сапог)  23 Что имеем—не храним, потерявши—плачем. 24. Цыплят по осени считают. (Не радуйся раньше времени). 25. Браки совершаются на небесах, кому как на роду написано. (Суженого и на коне не объедешь). 26. Лжецу не верят, даже если он говорит правду. 27. Хорошее начало полдела откачало. 28. Легче потерять доброе имя, чем приобрести. 29. Глуп тот, кто дважды попадается на одну удочку. 30. Осторожность никогда не мешает.


Check your knowledge of English proverbs with verbs in the Passive Voice

Fill in the blanks of the following proverbs with the verbs in the Passive Voice (Present Indefinite Tense) given in brackets at the end. Give Ukrainian equivalents of the proverbs.


Variant 1

1. Well begun ... half done. (do) 2. The road to hell ... with good intentions. (pave)  3. The devil is not so black as he ... . (paint)  4. Don't count your chickens before they ... . (hatch) 5. Footprints on the sands of time ... not ... by sitting down. (make) 6. A bald head ... soon ... . (shave) 7. A fool's bolt... soon ... . (shoot) 8 A spot ... most ... on the finest cloth, (see) 9. A fault confessed ... half ... . (redress) 10 Money spent on the brain ... never ... in vain. (spend) 11 The moon ... not... when the sun shines, (see) 12. A bird ... by its note, and a man by its talk. (know) 13. The biter ... sometimes ... . (bite) 14. Don't cry before you ... . (hurt)


Variant 2

1. By-and-by ... easily .... (say) 2. The damage ... . (do) 3. Many ... but few ... . (call, choose) 4. Eaten bread ... soon .... (forget) 5. Know which side one's bread ... (on), (butter) 6. The worth of a thing ... best ... by the want of it. (know) 7. He ... not... at that laughs at himself first, (laugh) 8. The devil is not so black as he ... , (paint) 9. Poets are born, not ... . (make) 10. A slice off a cut bread ... never .... (miss) 11. What ... by night appears by day. (do) 12. A short horse ... soon .... (curry) 13. He who is born a fool ... never ... . (cure) 14. Life ... of little things, (make up)